CRS-i is a FP7 Coordination and Support action with the main objective to facilitate the exploitation of results from Cognitive Radio and Dynamic Spectrum Access research projects by strengthening their impact on standardization.
- CRS-i panel in DySPAN – Stockholm: CRS-i organized a plenary panel session in DySPAN 2015 on the topic “Global standardization of dynamic spectrum access and the link between research and standards” with the following experts:
- Lee Pucker (US) – CEO, Wireless Innovation Forum
- Oliver Holland (UK) – Kings College London / Acting Secretary of IEEE DYSPAN-SC, Chair of IEEE P1900.1 and P1900.6
- Michael Gundlach (DE) – NOKIA / involved in 3GPP and ETSI (on LSA)
- Andrea Lorelli (IT) – Senior Research Officer ETSI, former Technical Officer of ETSI RRS.
A detailed analysis of the panel conclusions are available in D4.5.
- Standardization priorities: CRS-i has released the final version of the position paper: “FP7 research directions in CR and the European standardization priorities”, see D2.5. This position paper outlines the research directions where there are significant gaps that are still need to be closed before the full potential of CR/DSA can be exploited:
- Security for CR/DSA technologies;
- Joint optimization of PHY and MAC for non-ortogonal waveforms;
- Evolution of LSA in 3GPP RAN;
- Evolution of LTE-U (unlicensed) in 3GPP;
- CR enabled Short Range Devices or Spectrum sharing for IoT;
- Spectrum sharing in military bands
- Progresss on LSA standardisation in ETSI: ETSI RRS has finalized the LSA architecture specification: ETSI TS 103 235 “System architecture and high level procedures for operation of Licensed Shared Access (LSA) in the 2300 MHz - 2400 MHz band”. The CRS-i partner NOKIA was an important contributor to this technical specification. The next step is to specify the information elements and the protocols for the interface between the LSA Repository and LSA Controller.
- The Italian Ministry of Economic Development has launched a pilot project to test the use of shared spectrum based on the Licensed Shared Access (LSA) approach in the 2.3-2.4 GHz band. The Licensed Shared Access is a regulatory approach developed to allow a shared, flexible, and dynamic use of spectrum to improve efficiency of use. The project will be realized in Rome with the technical collaboration of the Ugo Bordoni Foundation, and with the involvement of industrial partners from numerous European countries: Nokia Networks, PosteMobile, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc from Italy; Cumucore and Fairspectrum from Finland; and Red Technologies from France.
CRS-i and the RAS cluster organized a Workshop on Radio Access and Spectrum in the context of EuCNC 2015, 29rd June 2015, Paris. Projects updates were accompanied by an invited key note from Jon Peha, Full Professor at Carnegie Mellon University and former FCC Chief Technologist, US. Slides are available here.
- The 30th ETSI RRS meeting was held in Seoul between June 1 and 5, 2015. Collocated with the ETSI meeting an “International Workshop on Smart Radio with Emphasis on 5G Applications” was held in Hanyang University on June 3. Around 20 ETSI delegates and 100 Korean radio experts got together as an open forum to discuss cooperation between Korea and the EU on standardization in the globalized world. CRS-i was represented by Michael Gundlach from Nokia Networks that gave a talk on “Recent Results and New Approaches of Cognitive Radio Architectures Towards 5G – Activities in ETSI RRS WG 1 and in European Research Projects”.
- CRS-i contributed to the EU-India Workshop on "Rural Broadband Internet Access using White Space Spectrum" held in the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai – India, 25th May 2015. Unlike in the developed countries, TV white spaces are abundant in India and rural broadband coverage is negligible. Government of India has an ambitious plan to connect 250,000 rural offices (Gram Panchayat) using optical fiber based point of presence (PoP); this will allay, but not solve the rural broadband coverage problem. One of the major impediments for providing broadband connectivity in rural areas of India is the lack of robust cost-effective backhaul. The aim of this EU-India workshop was to discuss how the abundant underutilized TV band spectrum can be used for provisioning affordable rural broadband in India. CRS-i provided a tutorial on “Lessons learned from TVWS implementation in Europe and the road towards standardization”. An important conclusion of the Workshop is that existing commercial solutions for TVWS equipment are too expansive for a developing country such India. There is a need for low cost hardware for operation in TVWS spectrum. The scale of the deployment in India can create the volume needed to decrease the cost of the existing solutions.
- The European Communication Office (ECO) 83rd WGFM meeting decided as follows:
-To approve ECC Report 236 on the 'Overall regulatory framework for TV WSD (White Space Devices) using a geolocation database and guidance for national implementation' for publication. The Office has published it in the ECO documentation database. Report available here .
-To adopt a new work item on the exchange of information on LSA (Licensed Shared Access) implementation. The objective is to share experience on LSA implementation and testing (e.g. measurement results) by NRAs. The ECO will collect this material and maintains the topic under WGFM supervision and provides inputs for discussion at WG FM level.
- CRS-i starts cooperation with the EU-INDIA project REACH: Rural broadband internet access using cooperative mesh networking in white space spectrum: link .
- The European Commission - DGCONNECT is organizing a Workshop on “Spectrum sharing by using geo-location databases”, 20/03/2015 in Brussels. This workshop aims to discuss the advantages of introducing geo-location databases as an instrument to support efficient use of spectrum, with a focus on advantages for regulators and spectrum users as well as on challenges and problems to be solved for an effective use and maintenance of the databases: link .
- The European Communications Office (ECO), WGFM, adopted a questionnaire to stakeholders in the market on investigating and assessing the requirements for cognitive radio enabled SRDs (Short Range Devices) and any potential implications in terms of SRD harmonised technical conditions for sending out by the Office. Link to the questionnaire here (return the questionnaire before 10 April 2015).
- CRS-i has been invited to provide an overview on technologies and opportunities that could potentiate the use of military spectrum bands in the Workshop funded by the Office of Naval Research, in the US. The Workshop is to take place on March 18-19 in the campus of Maynooth University (Ireland). The meeting will bring together military and academic experts from Europe and the United States to present and discuss recent research and regulatory developments, clearly articulate the challenges and opportunities that spectrum sharing offers to civilian and military applications in the US and Europe, and define promising approaches and research directions to address these challenges and exploit these opportunities.
- As of February 2015, the United States, Canada, and now the United Kingdom have implemented regulations for TV white spaces, and in 2015 the regulatory processes in Singapore, South Africa, Malawi and possibly the Philippines are likely to conclude. The authorisation of TV white space technology by just the seven countries above will result in a global market for TV white space devices that stretches across 16% of the world’s land area, encompassing 590 million people with a combined annual GDP of $19.5 trillion, some 32% of the world’s total income (link).
- Ofcom UK has published a statement with a policy decisions on implementing TV white spaces. The statement includes Ofcom conclusions on all aspects of the framework including coexistence and can be found here . A press release is available here.
- Call for Participation in IEEE 1900.6b: IEEE 1900.6 considers interfaces and data structures supporting spectrum sensing information exchange, applicable to distributed spectrum sensing scenarios. IEEE 1900.6 has recently initiated a new standards project, IEEE P1900.6b, on the topic of the use of spectrum sensing information to support spectrum databases. If you are interested in participating in this new IEEE standard project follow the link .
- ETSI RRS organized a workshop on “Reconfigurable Radio Systems - Status and novel Standards” on 3-4 December 2014, Sophia Antipolis, France. In parallel to the workshop a demo session showed recent advances from the EU projects CRS-i, CREW, CROWD, SOLDER and EMPHATIC. Moreover, the CRS-i member Michael Gundlach (Nokia Networks) co-authored a tutorial on Licensed Shared Access. Presentations are available here.
- On 23 October, CRS-i organized a workshop on flexible spectrum use and standardization. At this workshop, held in Brussels in the context of the meeting of Radio Access and Spectrum (RAS) cluster projects co-funded by the European Commission, two keynotes were held. First, Vic Hayes from TUDelft in the Netherlands, who has been heavily involved in the development of the 802.11 standard, spoke on "Lessons from WiFi standardization and the role of flexible spectrum use". Secondly, Seungwon Choi from Hanyang University in South Korea, who is chairing ETSI RRS WG2, talked about "Cognitive Radio developments in Korea and the standardization path of Software Defined Radio architectures", the presentations from this workshop can be found here.
- One of the objectives of CRS-i is to coordinate the continued standardization effort of four completed EU research projects, i.e. QoSMOS, COGEU, SACRA and OneFIT. These activities have focused on four main domains: TV White Spaces access, opportunistic Device-to-Device communications, Licensed Shared Access and Public Safety. CRS-i just released a comprehensive report on these activities, which took place in IEEE, ETSI, 3GPP and IETF and also included the reference implementation of ECC Report 186 and the participation in the Ofcom UK TVWS pilot. The report can be accessed here.
- The European Commission launched a press release concerning former Commissioner Pascal Lamy's report on the future use of the UHF band, as well as the adoption of the PMSE Decision and the Report on the Spectrum Inventory: link .
- CRSi representatives attended the IEEE DySPAN-SC Meetings and IEEE 1900.X Working Group Meetings, 25-29 August, Piscataway, US.
- CRS-i participated in two TV White Spaces Ofcom UK pilots: Test of sensing algorithms do detect PMSEs and Coexistence study between PMSE link and a White Space System operating in adjacent TV channels. This was a joint effort between CRS-i, ACROPOLIS, SOLDER project and NICT in Japan. Results from the trial will feed the ETSI standardization work on EN 301 598: “White Space Devices (WSD); Wireless Access Systems operating in the 470 MHz to 790 MHz frequency band”.
- As part of the CRS-i consultancy service, CRS-i organized a teleconference between the chairman of the ETSI RRS WG2 (Prof Seungwon Choi, Hanyang University HY-MC Research Center) and the interested projects SOLDER and CREW on the 15 July 2014.
- A new project joined the CRS-i cluster: Thanks to CRS-i consultancy service the FP7 Project SALUS ( link ) is now contributing towards the Work Item ETSI TR 103 217 “Feasibility study on inter-domains synergies; Synergies between civil security and commercial domains”.
- CRS-i representatives attended the ETSI RRS#26 plenary meeting, 23-27 June 2014, Montreal, Canada and presented updates of the following projects: EMPHATIC, CREW and SOLDER.
- CRS-i and the RAS cluster organized a Workshop on Radio Access and Spectrum in the EuCNC 2014, 23rd June 2014, Bologna, Italy. The Workshop addressed potential synergies across projects with spectrum related standardization activities. Presentations are available in the Dissemination folder ( link ).
- Ofcom UK TVWS pilot: Spectrum Bridge , Fairspectrum, NICT and Nominet have successfully completed the database qualification process and are now listed on Ofcom UK Qualifying White Space Databases web page and on the xml file which is accessible to white space devices.
- CRS-i was invited by the European Commission to contribute to the ASEAN Spectrum Policy Forum #3 (ASPF#3), held in Myanmar on 9 June 2014, under the topic: Implementing the Transition to Digital Terrestrial Television. CRS-i contributed to the agenda item: “National experience of implementing the transition to DTT in the EU”. In particular we have highlighted the use of TV white spaces for cost effective rural broadband as an incentive for the digital switchover in ASIA ( link ).
- TV White Spaces trial in UK: Spectrum Bridge has successfully completed the database qualification process. For information about Ofcom’s TV White Spaces Pilot please visit the link.
- D2.4 is now public available. This deliverable is a position paper on FP7 research directions in CR and the European standardization priorities. The FP7 research activities and standardization priorities are summarized, enabling the identification of standardization opportunities, project synergies and research gaps.
- CRS-i was invited by the European Commission to contribute to the ASEAN Spectrum Policy Forum #4 (ASPF#4), held in Brunei on 7 March 2014, under the topic: “Common approach to the digital dividend and bands for wireless broadband’. CRS-i presented an EU view on emerging technology and spectrum regulatory issues, including TV white spaces and the future use of the UHF band (link).
- D4.2 is now public available. This deliverable provides a written report on the first interactions between CRS-i project and USA and Japan's "cognitive radio stakeholders".
CRS-i and the RAS cluster organized a pre-FIA Workshop on Radio Access and Spectrum Innovations for 5G, 17th March in Athens (Greece). Thirteen EU research projects presented intermediate results that are in the “ignition phase" of the 5G European initiative in H2020. An overview of US spectrum policy reforms was given by Douglas C. Sicker (former CTO of the U.S. FCC). Presentations available here.
- CEPT has launched a consultation on the technical and regulatory conditions for the use of the band 2300-2400 MHz under Licensed Shared Access (LSA).
- ITU organised a Workshop entitled "Spectrum Management issues on the use of White Spaces by Cognitive Radio Systems". The purpose of the Workshop was to provide a high level view on Spectrum Management issues for the use of White Spaces, in the light of the results of RA-12 and WRC-12 agenda item 1.19, including Recommendation 76 (WRC-12) and Resolution ITU-R 58. Presentations can be found here.
- CRS-i has organized a tutorial day on standardization in the White Spaces Summit 2013: Using TV Spectrum for Telecommunications, 10-12 December 2013 in Paris. link
- CRS-i has joined a collaborative effort with FP7 ACROPOLIS and FP7 CREW to participate in the Ofcom UK pilot on TV White Spaces. A joint trial application form was submitted and accepted by Ofcom. CRS-i participation will focus on the validation of infrastructure sensing to assist the geo-location database approach and is scheduled to start in Feb. 2014. Results from the trial will feed the ETSI RRS standardization work. link
- The first Standardization Workshop organised by the CRS-i project, which was entitled: “Worldwide perspectives in flexible spectrum use and opportunities for standardization” took place at the European Commission’s premises, on 22 October 2013. The conclusions of the Workshop are reported in D4.1.